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doi: https://doi.org/10.15441/ceem.23.155    [Accepted]
Factors associated with Parental Knowledge and Attitudes towards Concussions in the Republic of Korea
DongWon Son1 , Ki Ok Ahn2 , Hang A Park3 , Ju Ok Park3
1Department of Emergency Medicine, Myongji Hospital, Goyang-si, South Korea
2Department of Emergency Medicine, Myongji Hospital and Hanyang University College of Medicine, Goyang-si, South Korea
3Department of Emergency Medicine, Hallym University, Dongtan Sacred Heart Hospital, Gyeonggi-do, South Korea
Correspondence  Ki Ok Ahn Tel: +82-10-9152-5955, Fax: +82-31-810-7014, Email: arendt75@hanyang.ac.kr
Received: October 20, 2023. Revised: February 17, 2024.  Accepted: February 23, 2024. Published online: March 15, 2024.
ABSTRACT
Background
This study investigated the status and evaluated factors associated with knowledge and attitudes regarding concussions among Korean parents of children aged 6–18 years.
Methods
A cross-sectional online survey was employed to collect data from a panel of parents in the Republic of Korea in 2023. To assess knowledge and attitudes regarding concussions, participants completed a validated questionnaire. The outcome variables of the total knowledge and total attitude scores, which ranged from 0 to 30 and 7 to 49, respectively, were categorized into three levels based on approximately 33% increments. We conducted multivariable ordinal logistic regression analyses with the participants’ and their children’s demographics and characteristics as covariates.
Results
A total of 260 parents responded to the survey and demonstrated moderate concussion-related knowledge (median total score, (Inter Quartile Range (IQR) 18-22.5)). The respondents exhibited favorable attitudes toward concussions (median total score, 39 (IQR 34-43)). Multivariate ordinal regression analysis for outcomes revealed that, except for the careers of healthcare providers (adjusted odds ratio (AOR) 3.15, 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.13–8.75), no factors were associated with parental concussion-related knowledge. Among the factors, none exhibited a statistically significant association with concussion-related parental attitudes.
Conclusion
Our results confirmed the knowledge-attitude gap regarding concussions among Korean parents and novel strategies are warranted to improve parental knowledge and attitudes.
Keywords: concussion; knowledge; attitude; parents
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